Turtle doves and pigeons that live in Spain

There are several species of pigeons that live in Spain and, although everyone knows how to recognize this group of animals, the truth is that few people know the variety of species that exist .


Doves and pigeons that live in Spain

Specifically, the pigeons make up the group of the columbidae together with the turtledoves, and if we talk about turtle doves and pigeons that live in Spain, we we found five species quite different:

Paloma bravia

Of the pigeons that live in Spain, without doubt the most common of them all is the wild pigeon ( Columba livia ) and, despite this, it is one of the most difficult to distinguish due to hybridization. In other languages ​​it is known as the dove of the rock, and this is because it is not associated with arboreal ecosystems, but with rocky ones.

 Wild Dove (Columba livia)

And it is that the wild pigeon is the species from which the domestic pigeon, so it is common to mix with several varieties of it. Thus, it is difficult to distinguish the species of hybridized specimens.

However, there are several characteristics that distinguish it : It has two dark bands on the wings that look perfectly when it is sitting , with the wings closed. In addition, between the two wings, at the height of the bands, it has the white ruler on its back.

Wood pigeon

The wood pigeon ( Columba palumbus ) is the largest in the columbiformes of the Iberian Peninsula and throughout continental Europe. It is a species associated with forests that can reach 43 centimeters in length. Live in temperate Europe, the Middle East and North Africa.

Paloma torcaz (Columba palumbus)

The species is easy to recognize, with a large body and a white spot on the neck that makes it unmistakable. At the edge of the wing has a mark that looks perfectly in flight.

Paloma zurita ​​h2>

The zurita pigeon ( Columba oenas >) is probably the least known pigeon we can find in Spain. And it is that is a more timid animal and of smaller size than the rest, and that has scattered nuclei in the peninsula, mainly in forest areas.

Paloma zurita (Columba oenas)

The zurita pigeon is found in the west of Asia and Morocco, as well as Europe, where the United Kingdom maintains a third of the population.

In this case, most of the body of the pigeon is uniform dark gray, without white spots. Only has a light gray rump and a few black spots on the wings.

Turkish turtledove

The Turkish turtledove ( Streptopelia decaocto >) is a turtle dove native to Asia that in the last century has spread throughout Europe naturally. Spain arrived in the 80s and has already spread throughout the territory, including the Balearic and Canary Islands; is considered an invasive alien species in North America and Japan.

Turkish turtledove (Streptopelia decaocto)

Lighter in appearance than pigeons, the turtledove is easy to identify: it has a homogeneous pale gray plumage and has a dark collar at the nape. Although it prefers rural areas, it is much more common in urban areas than the common dove .Of shy behavior, prefers rural areas and, unlike the rest, it is rare to get used to human presence.

European or European turtledove (Streptopelia turtur)

In this case, we are talking about a vulnerable species that lives not only in Europe, but also in North Africa and Central Asia.

It is the smallest one: it does not exceed 27 centimeters in length. The wings are of special beauty, with a black and brown plumage that makes up scales. His collar is also striking, with black and white lines, which makes it one of the most beautiful birds we have in Spain.

These are only the turtledoves and pigeons that live in Spain naturally. There are more than 300 species of pigeons and, unfortunately, it is a very little known group and very linked to our species.