The training of anti-drug dogs
The training of anti-drug dogs is usually one of the most common but also the worst understood . Frequently, the information that circulates through the media is commonly based on speculation, urban myths and false data.
Currently, both veterinarians and trainers have dedicated themselves to denying everything that is said about of the training of the anti-drug dogs, in order to promote a more positive (and successful) attitude towards this issue.
And although thanks to their work has been able to unmask many myths, there is still much to be done to Let the urban legends disappear. The goal is to make the most absurd ideas stop being taken as absolute truths.
Myths about training
First of all, anti-drug dogs They are NOT consumers. The fact that they are taught to identify the smell of the substances does not make them addicted by any means. In other words, they are not injected with any of these illegal substances nor are they induced to have any type of addiction to them.
If we ask any veterinarian, he will tell us that if we give cocaine to a dog, the animal is most likely to die on the spot. Your body is not ready to process the substance. Therefore, drugs are like any other poison to them.
Other popular myths about the training of the police or anti-drug dogs are:
- They are forbidden to play.
- The coaches do not allow them to receive mimes or affection.
- If they do not do their job, they are quickly discarded.
- They are physically forced to perform well and therefore have a short life.
- Anti-drug dogs They are abused and, therefore, aggressive.
- While they are not working, the drug dogs remain tied up.
- They can not lead a normal life once they stop. work as anti-drug dogs.
- Copies that have already retired can not be adopted.
The actual training of drug dogs
Trainers are people trained in care, training and animal behavior. They know that in order to achieve an animal's goal, it is best to form a healthy and positive link with it. Only then will it be able to respond efficiently to what it is asked for.
So, apart from being their coaches, they become their friends. Friends who impose a certain discipline, yes, but always in a healthy way, that does not harm their well-being.
So, a large part of the training process is made up of activities that, although they look like games, are actually tasks that will help them to perform correctly tomorrow. Therefore, the dogs are trained through the game, so that they can do their work, without effort.
In fact, the first step is to choose the most restless puppy in the litter. This dog will become the detector of drugs that is looked for because it is prone to remain active and therefore, it will respond to the training through the game. For the dog, the drug detection work will be a game.
The game basically consists of giving a unique toy to the dog . This object will be impregnated with an imitation of the odor of the illicit substance and will hide in a closed box.The box will have a compartment next to the toy where a packet of drugs will be stored. This helps the dog to fix the smell. Then, as a reward for having found the box with his toy, the dog can play with him for a while.
Anti-drug dogs usually have training sessions of approximately five hours a day, which consist of games sessions that involve finding your toy. They also have other activities to keep them fit and in perfect health.
The most important thing in both the games session and physical training, is to give the dog a varied routine . This includes not always placing the toy in the same place, for example. Also, it is beneficial to take him to play in different spaces and vary the level of difficulty of the activities and, above all, as the challenge of the hidden toy.
A dog antidrug, like any other, needs praise, mimes, and awards when it manages to perform well a task or activity.
In the case of the toy, each time it finds, you should receive a reward for his achievement. This is very important, as it will allow the habit to be maintained. In addition, the dog will appreciate it and feel happy.
Each dog has its own rhythm, so each dog is trained individually. In addition to the activities and physical care that the dog deserves, it is also appropriate to remember that a healthy diet does a lot for the animal and its welfare.
As for the myths, you have to review and contrast very well the information behind of each of them to avoid falling into false judgments. This will allow us to discover that there are many positive aspects in the life of anti-drug dogs and that it is even possible to adopt one when you have already retired.