Pets and maternity: toxoplasmosis
Toxoplasmosis is a disease that, once it occurs, can have serious consequences in human pregnancy if left untreated. However, this disease only appears when the conditions of hygiene and care of pets are not adequate.
If the environment where the pregnant woman is found does not meet the sanitary conditions and necessary safety measures, pets They can pose a threat to your health. Regarding this, we must remember that all pets, obligatorily, require specific care and attention , both for their own health and hygiene and for their own.
During pregnancy, the care of the pet acquire greater relevance, since they help to reduce considerably the risk of contagion of any disease, including toxoplasmosis.
The cat, the definitive guest
Toxoplasmosis is the disease transmitted by a microscopic parasite whose scientific name is Toxoplasma gondii. Its definitive host is the cat, which means that once invades the animal, begins to reproduce. While it is considered a mild illness, if left untreated, it can have fatal consequences.
As the cat is one of the most popular pets around the world, it is It is necessary to know the risks that the coexistence with him can imply, if he is not given the appropriate care. Poor hygiene of the animal can lead to the onset of diseases. Especially with regard to the cleaning of your feces.
Although the disease can be asymptomatic, it can get to increase perinatal mortality. On the other hand, if the woman becomes infected during the first trimester and the parasitosis is not detected, the baby that is born with toxoplasmosis can present diverse infections and severe injuries, such as: hydrocephalus, cerebral calcifications, etc. .
Once the toxoplasmosis is detected, with proper treatment, the disease can be reduced by up to 60% in the fetus.
In case the baby is born infected, it should be under drug treatment with medical supervision for a year. It should be noted that the most commonly used drugs for this treatment are: pyrimethamine, sulfadiazine and trisulfapyrimidine.
If the baby is not treated pharmacologically during the first year of life, it may lead to vision disorders. and other problems even before reaching adolescence. On the other hand, the mother should also receive antibiotic treatment for a period of time (determined by the doctor) to achieve recovery and avoid complications. In his case, the most used antibiotic is spiramycin.
Once the pregnant woman is infected with this parasitosis, the fetus is also affected.
How to avoid toxoplasmosis?
- Keep your pet's vaccinations up-to-date, periodically and, above all, change your drinking water regularly.
- Prevent your cat from eating raw food, hunting or roaming around recreational areas is one of the most recommended measures to prevent your pet from getting toxoplasmosis.
- If your cat has at some point signs of being sick, take it immediately to the vet.
- If you are pregnant, it is best to avoid directly manipulating the cat litter box , if necessary, use disposable gloves s for it. Do not go to third parties, it is the least recommended.
If you feel bad and suspect that it may be caused by your pet, go to your doctor and ask him/her for toxoplasmosis analysis, since in case you have this parasitosis, if it is diagnosed before pregnancy and develops antibodies, the fetus will not be affected. And remember, at all times, you should avoid self-medication.
If you have not yet seen your doctor and suspect you may have toxoplasmosis, go to the emergency department .